Acta de la sesión inaugural 3
1. Palabras del Gobernador del Estado de Florida 5
2. Palabras del Secretario General Adjunto 7
3. Palabras del Secretario General 10
4. Palabras de la Secretaria de Estado de los Estados Unidos 14
Acta de la primera sesión plenaria 19
1. Elección de presidente 20
2. Homenaje a la memoria del señor Adolfo Aguilar Zinser,
ex Embajador de México ante las Naciones Unidas 21
3. Palabras de la Presidenta de la Asamblea General 22
4. Aprobación de los acuerdos adoptados por la Comisión Preparatoria 22
5. Informe del Secretario General sobre la presentación de credenciales 23
Adopción de las normas de procedimiento
encomendadas por la Presidenta 23
7. Asignación de temas a la Comisión General y
elección de su presidente 24
8. Diálogo de Jefes de Delegación:
“Hacer realidad los beneficios de la democracia” 25
Acta de la segunda sesión plenaria 51
1. Solicitud de inclusión del tema relativo a la
sede del próximo período ordinario de sesiones de la
Asamblea General en el orden del día de la presente sesión 52
2. Diálogo de Jefes de Delegación:
“Hacer realidad los beneficios de la democracia” 52
3. Sede y fecha del trigésimo sexto período ordinario de
sesiones de la Asamblea General 83
3. Anuncios de la Presidencia 83
Acta de la tercera sesión plenaria 85
1. Exposición del Jefe de la Delegación de Bolivia sobre
acontecimientos recientes en su país 87
2. Diálogo de Jefes de Delegación:
“Hacer realidad los beneficios de la democracia” 89
e. Modernización y reorganización de la Secretaría General de la OEA 221
f. Limitación de gastos militares 222
Acta resumida de la tercera sesión 223
1. Consideración de proyectos de declaración y de resolución: 224
a. Limitación de gastos militares 224
b. Modificaciones al Estatuto del Centro de Estudios de
Justicia de las Américas (CEJA) 224
c. Promoción de la cooperación regional para la
aplicación de la Carta Democrática Interamericana Democracia 224
d. Declaración sobre Nicaragua en el marco del
trigésimo quinto período ordinario de sesiones de la
Asamblea General de la Organización de los
Estados Americanos 225
e. Hacer realidad los beneficios de la democracia: Desarrollo 225
f. El combate a la explotación sexual comercial,
el tráfico ilícito y la trata de niños, niñas y
adolescentes en el Hemisferio 226
g. Modernización y reorganización de la Secretaría General de la OEA 226
h. Comercio e integración en las Américas 227
i. Obligación internacional de los Estados Miembros de la OEA:
Observancia plena a los principios fundamentales del
derecho internacional para preservar y fortalecer la
paz continental 228
2. Informe del Grupo de Trabajo Encargado de Negociar el
proyecto de Declaración de Florida:
Hacer realidad los beneficios de la democracia 228
Lista de participantes 241
Autoridades de la Asamblea General 315
Orden de precedencia de las delegaciones de los Estados Miembros 319
Orden de precedencia de las delegaciones de los Observadores Permanentes 323
Lista de documentos 327
ACTA DE LA SESIÓN INAUGURAL1/
Fecha: 5 de junio de 2005
Hora: 5:30 p.m.
Lugar: Centro de Convenciones de Fort Lauderdale/Condado de Broward Presidente Provisional: Señor Carlos Morales Troncoso
Secretario de Estado de Relaciones Exteriores de la República Dominicana
Presentes: Alejandra Liriano de la Cruz (República Dominicana)
Timothy Harris (Saint Kitts y Nevis)
Petrus Compton (Santa Lucía)
Michael Browne (San Vicente y las Granadinas)
Maria E. Levens (Suriname)
Knowlson Gift (Trinidad y Tobago)
Belela Herrera (Uruguay)
Alí Rodríguez Araque (Venezuela)
Edmond Mansoor (Antigua y Barbuda)
Rafael Bielsa (Argentina)
Frederick A. Mitchell (Bahamas)
Billie A. Miller (Barbados)
Assad Shoman (Belice)
Juan Ignacio Siles del Valle (Bolivia)
Celso Amorim (Brasil)
Pierre S. Pettigrew (Canadá)
Ignacio Walker (Chile)
Carolina Barco (Colombia)
Roberto Tovar Faja (Costa Rica)
Charles Angelo Savarin (Dominica)
Antonio Parra Gil (Ecuador)
Francisco Esteban Laínez Rivas (El Salvador)
Condoleezza Rice (Estados Unidos)
Elvin Nimrod (Grenada)
Jorge Briz Abularach (Guatemala)
Samuel R. Insanally (Guyana)
Hérard Abraham (Haití)
Leonidas Rosa Bautista (Honduras)
Delano Franklyn (Jamaica)
Luis Ernesto Derbez Bautista (México)
Norman Caldera Cardenal (Nicaragua)
Samuel Lewis Navarro (Panamá)
Leila Rachid de Cowles (Paraguay)
Alberto Borea Odría (Perú)
José Miguel Insulza (Secretario General de la OEA)
Luigi R. Einaudi (Secretario General Adjunto)
1. Palabras del Gobernador del Estado de Florida El MAESTRO DE CEREMONIAS: This evening’s first speaker is someone who is well known for his interest in the region and for his commitment to the Americas. Ladies and gentlemen, the dynamic Governor of Florida, Jeb Bush. [Aplausos.]
El GOBERNADOR DEL ESTADO DE FLORIDA: Mr. Secretary General, Mr. Assistant Secretary General, Madam Secretary, and representatives from throughout the Western Hemisphere, thank you for inviting me here this evening, and thank you for allowing Fort Lauderdale and the State of Florida to host the thirty-fifth regular session of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States.
Damos la bienvenida a todos ustedes. Estamos muy felices de ser responsables de este evento. On behalf of the First Lady of the State of Florida, wherever she may be––oh, there she is over there––and the State of Florida [aplausos] and its 17 million inhabitants, I’m honored to welcome the citizens of the Western Hemisphere and their representatives to the city of Fort Lauderdale and to our state.
Florida has long served as a meeting place for different cultures from throughout our hemisphere and, indeed, the world. All Floridians share a common bond with our neighbors in the Hemisphere. We all have a stake in promoting and ensuring economic prosperity, social equality, and the democratic values on which we base our most common understanding of life.
This year’s meeting will revolve around the theme “Delivering the Benefits of Democracy.” This is an idea that stirs strong feelings in all Floridians when we look toward the horizon to the Americas.
Strengthening democracy and its institutions throughout the Hemisphere is extremely important, and we are fortunate to have Secretary General Insulza at the helm of the Organization of American States. Time and time again, he has proven himself a leader in upholding the democratic principles outlined in the Inter-American Democratic Charter.
I have traveled throughout many of the countries represented in the room today, from Canada to Colombia. I can attest to the progress that the Western Hemisphere has made toward overall democracy in our region.
We must continue to ensure that the benefits of democracy are realized for the over eight hundred million citizens that make up our part of the world. I applaud the Organization of American States for becoming a leading protector of democratic principles in the Americas.
Geographically, Florida is an important and vital link between the North American continent, Latin America, and the Caribbean. We are proud to have one foot firmly established in the United States of America and one foot in the rest of the Americas. We are proud to be a gateway that links North America and South America to Central America and the Caribbean.
Culturally, Florida has taken on the role of a true melting pot. As the “Gateway to the Americas,” our state has become the beating heart of the Western Hemisphere, hosting many meetings and forums to discuss the future of our region.
This regular session of the General Assembly represents the pinnacle of a decade of Florida’s role in hosting important meetings. These meetings have helped set a tone and establish a plan for the progress of our shared interests.
The very first Summit of the Americas was held in Florida in 1994. This marked a watershed in the promotion of democratic values in the Western Hemisphere.
In 2003, Florida hosted representatives from throughout the Americas to set the stage for regional integration to move forward the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) Agreement. This was a significant moment in the fostering of closer ties with the nations of the Hemisphere. During the meeting, the United States embarked upon the U.S.-Andean Free Trade Agreement.
It was here in Florida that the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was signed, which has since led to stronger economic, cultural, and social ties between the two nations.
In August of last year, Florida hosted the fourth round of negotiations for the U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement (FTA).
Almost a year ago, Florida was in the midst of one of the worst hurricane seasons in recorded history. Floridians experienced many adversities during that period that challenged our state in many ways. Trust me, four hurricanes hitting a state in one hurricane season is enough for any governor.
In the aftermath and an unprecedented recovery effort, a remarkable thing occurred, something that reinforced, in my mind and the minds of many in this state, our undeniable bond with our close hemispheric neighbors.
First, individuals and institutions from throughout the Hemisphere came to Florida’s aid, for which we will always, always be grateful. In addition, Floridians emerged from their rain-soaked and wind-blown neighborhoods to reach out to their neighbors throughout the Caribbean. By the truckload, Floridians donated an array of relief supplies destined for the hardest hit regions in The Bahamas, Grenada, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, and Haiti. I believe that those efforts to send aid to people they had never met, even as they were in the middle of rebuilding their own lives, demonstrated one of the most visible testaments to inter-American cooperation.
Florida’s “Gateway to the Americas” status brings great responsibility. This is why we are doing our part to assist our neighbors through organizations like the Florida Association for Volunteer Action in the Caribbean and the Americas (FAVACA) and the Americas Humanitarian Logistics Relief Team. The relief team is a public-private partnership dedicated to bringing relief to those areas affected by last year’s storms, and whatever national disaster may come, you can rest assured that this organization will be there to lend a hand. Florida remains at the forefront of the inter-American system, as our relationships are not just about merchandise trade, but about neighbors helping neighbors.
In January of this year, I went with Secretary Colin Powell to Southeast Asia to make an assessment and get a first-hand account of the devastation caused by the powerful tsunamis that struck the region. I witnessed the incredible destruction caused by this catastrophic natural event. I also saw a lack of collaborative planning between the nations of that region to begin a recovery and rebuilding effort. This reaffirmed, in my eyes, how important an institution like the Organization of American States is to the welfare of the Western Hemisphere.
Florida is home to the largest Haitian-American community in the United States. Many of these people fled political and social disarray in their home country and settled in Florida, seeking a better life, and have made a huge contribution to our state. In July of last year, I created the Governor’s Haiti Advisory Group, comprised of prominent members of Florida’s Haitian-American community and individuals with extensive experience in the country. This group provided recommendations to assist Haiti during this critical time in the country’s history. The Group members’ leadership, perspective, and expertise on Haiti serve as a guide to the State of Florida as we look to help the Haitian people reclaim their future.
Democratic values, while inherent in the history and culture of the Haitian people, are under severe threat. We need to turn our attention to aiding the small island nation rather than allowing it to succumb to the perils of crime, poverty, and environmental degradation.
We must all work together to achieve a truly democratic hemisphere, one that fosters a spirit of cooperation among its constituent nations. This idea was first promoted in 1890 during the early stages of the Organization of American States. It was later solidified by the Inter-American Democratic Charter.
The continued growth and expansion of democratic principles and economic prosperity are imperative for our common future. I commend the OAS for accepting the leading role in pursuing this crucial mission.
I wish you all the best, and I particularly wish Secretary General Insulza Godspeed in his new, challenging opportunity to improve the human condition of the 800 million citizens of the area.
I would like to thank the city of Fort Lauderdale and the Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention and Visitors Bureau for all the support they have provided to the U.S. Department of State and the Organization of American States.
Bienvenidos todos. Gracias. [Aplausos.]
El MAESTRO DE CEREMONIAS: Thank you, Governor Bush, for your welcoming remarks.
2. Palabras del Secretario General Adjunto
El MAESTRO DE CEREMONIAS: Our next speaker has served the Organization of American States with distinction as Assistant Secretary General and Acting Secretary General. Ladies and gentlemen, the respected multi lateras of the Americas, Assistant Secretary General Luigi Einaudi. [Aplausos.]
El SECRETARIO GENERAL ADJUNTO: Secretary Rice, Governor Bush, thank you for welcoming the Organization of American States to the United States and the great State of Florida.
Ministers, Secretary General Insulza, ladies and gentlemen, thank you for giving me this opportunity to conclude my service as Assistant Secretary General to the Organization by reporting to you.
My message tonight is very simple. For all of us in this room, the opportunity to build in this hemisphere a strategic foundation based on democracy and, therefore, simultaneously open to the world and beneficial to the peoples of the Americas has never been better.
The first reason is political. The last time the United States hosted the General Assembly was in Atlanta in 1974. At that time, South America was run largely by dictators, Cuba had already completed 15 years under Fidel Castro, and most of the Caribbean and Canada had yet to become members of the OAS.
Today, with the important continuing exception of Cuba and a few recent stumbles elsewhere, the Hemisphere has become democratic. The days of colonialism and military dictatorship are long past. Now it is true that after 15 years of democracy, the results are less than hoped for. Our democratic claims and continuing aspirations are still mocked by injustice, poverty, impunity from justice, ignorance, and the violence and instability they engender.
Despite these obstacles, since 1991, a regional jurisprudence of democracy has begun to take shape. Much of it was codified in 2001 in the Inter-American Democratic Charter. Many ambiguities remain––key among them the rights of sovereignty––but the basic, unifying fact is that the fiercely sovereign states that make up the OAS have agreed that democracy should be the architecture of regional cooperation.
Unfortunately, our member states have not yet completed the design. When a member stumbles, cries of alarm are still more common than a supporting and steadying hand. There is no system of solidarity, only the potential punishment of ostracism. A system of solidarity should, in my view, be developed to assist members when or even before they stumble; not by intervening, but by strengthening the rule of law or by helping to improve public education, or other things. The point is, the potential is there, but we are still short of the needed definitions and resource commitments.
A second source of opportunity is the pace of regional integration. It still amazes me to think back to 50 years ago. I was sent as a delegate to meetings in South America because no student leader could be found at my major university in the United States who spoke Spanish. “Send Einaudi, at least he speaks Italian,” was the conclusion. And here’s the other half of that equation: when I got to Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay in 1955, I found more people who spoke Italian than ones who spoke English.
Both sides of that equation are totally different today. In the United States, Spanish is well on its way to becoming a national second language, and the spread of English, even in the far reaches of South America, let alone in the Caribbean where it is often spoken better than it is here, obviously has changed the entire cultural landscape.
Today, as the Governor implied, South Florida is home to persons from all over the Americas. South Florida is a beautiful place, but in this regard it is no longer unique. I believe strongly that our intensifying geographic, economic, and cultural ties could make a big difference in times marked by the dislocations of globalization and terrorism. Yes, we still have many things, such as racism, poverty, and gender discrimination, to fight, but another important benefit of today’s situation is that the ideological obstacles that were created by the Cold War are largely dissipated. I think we have more reasons than ever to pull together in a democratic framework of mutual respect.
My third source of optimism is the OAS itself. I have already mentioned implicitly the expansion of its membership with the independence of the Caribbean and Canada’s welcome commitment to the Western Hemisphere. This regular session of the General Assembly that we are opening tonight finds this unique inter-American institution at mid-passage.