Non-Lending Technical Assistance

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Non-Lending Technical Assistance

Colombia Poverty and Jobs
Report No. 48522-CO

Volume 2

March 16th, 2009
Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit

Latin America and the Caribbean Region

Document of the World Bank

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this book are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or of the countries they represent.

The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

The material in this publication is copyrighted. The World Bank encourages dissemination of its work and normally will grant permission to reproduce portions of the work. For permission to reprint individual articles or chapters please fax a request with complete information to Fernanda Zavaleta, Communications Officer – The World Bank Colombia and Mexico Fax (55) 5840-4252. All other queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Communications Officer. The World Bank Mexico at the above faxed to (55) 5840-4252

Siglas y Abreviaturas


Consejo Nacional de Política Económica y Social (National Economic and Social Polcy Council)


Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística


Departamento Nacional de Planeación


Encuesta Continua de Hogares


Government of Colombia (Gobierno de Colombia)


Gross Domestic Product


General Electric


Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares


Misión para la Reducción de la Pobreza y la Desigualdad


Non-lending Technical Assistance


Organización Internacional del Trabajo


Población en Económicamente Activa


Población en Edad de Trabajo


Producto Interno Bruto


Technical Assistance


Tasa de Desempleo


Tasa Global de Participación


Tasa de Ocupación


Since 2004, the World Bank has been supporting the efforts of the Government of Colombia (GoC) to deepen its knowledge on poverty and inequality, particularly through the technical assistance provided to the Poverty Mission (MERPD). In September 2007 the Dirección Nacional de Planeación (DNP) requested assistance from the Bank on their Income and Employment Generation Strategy. The Bank provided support through three main activities that included: i) Technical assistance in the analysis and revision of the poverty measurement; ii) Assistance in the organization of a conference on employment and development; and iii) Technical assistance to the CONPES on income and employment generation. This TA consisted on periodic meetings, workshops, and the production of different technical notes and papers that discussed areas relevant to the CONPES and that were discussed and delivered to the Government.

Through these technical assistance, the Bank was successful in highlighting the challenges and options in the design and implementation of the Income and Employment Generation CONPES documents, and identifying relevant issues for income and employment generation in Colombia, for example, the barriers that poor people face in improving their income generation and employment status such as low human capital and inadequate labor regulation framework. The TA has also helped the Government to better organize and target their Income and Employment Generation strategy. The Bank has also provided technical and institutional assistance for the review of poverty methodology in Colombia. The TA has also been successful in laying out an agenda that would lead to the definition of a poverty measurement methodology in Colombia and to an institutional sustainability of poverty numbers estimation and dissemination. Andres Escobar, Deputy Director of DNP, expressed DNP gratitude for the Bank’s technical assistance in a letter included in Volume 1 of this report.

This report is structured in two Volumes. Volume I describes the process and stages of this technical assistance and the main findings of the papers that were produced as inputs for the Income and Employment Generation CONPES documents. This Volume (2) contains the five papers and one technical note on Social Protection produced for the Income and Employment Generation CONPES.

This report was prepared by a team led by Gladys Lopez Acevedo and Christian Yves González of the World Bank. Members of the team included: Emmy Yokoyama, Samuel Freije, Natalia Gómez, Diana Hincapié, Andrew Mason, Erik Bloom, Carlos Sobrado, Kinnon Scott, Maria Laura Sanchez-Puerta, and Olga Susana Puerto. Specific inputs were provided by Mauricio Santa María, Carlos Felipe Prada, Polly Jones, Miguel Cabal, and Juan Carlos Guataqui. We appreciated valuable comments at earlier stages of the Non-Lending Technical Assistance from Jose Maria Caballero and Ethel Sennhauser. We especially thank feedback throughout the process of this NLTA from Felipe Barrera, Francisco Ferreira, Hong Tan (World Bank) and Hugo López (Banco de la República, Colombia)
The team worked closely with the following Government counterparts in the process of the technical assistance. Valuable feedback was received from the National Planning Department (DNP) Andrés Escobar (Deputy Director), Luz Stella Rodríguez (Advisor for the General Director), Jose Fernando Arias (Director, Social Development), Natalia Ariza (Deputy Director, Employment), Nicolás Pérez (Deputy Director, Rural Development), Ricardo Antonio Torres (Director, Rural Development), Victor Manuel Nieto (Deputy Director, Firm Development), Jairo Núñez (MERPD), Orlando Gracía (Former Director, Firm Development), Angélica Arango, Ana Carolina Ramírez Pineda (Advisor, Public Policy Evaluation Direction), Ángela María Penagos (Advisor, Rural Development Direction), Genni Cavalli (Advisor, Special Programs Group), Luz Helena Chamorro (Deputy Director, Territorial Development), Angélica Liliana Fernández, Guillermo Rivas, Carolina Giraldo.

Vice President

Chief Economist

Sector Director

Sector Manager

Task Managers

Pamela Cox

Augusto de la Torre

Marcelo Giugale

Jaime Saavedra

Gladys López-Acevedo

Christian González



Resumen ejecutivo 8

Motivación 9

Hechos estilizados del mercado laboral rural 10

1.Evolución de las principales variables del mercado laboral rural: principales tendencias 10

2.Los trabajadores muy pobres, pobres y no pobres desde distintas perspectivas 15

Patrones en la composición del empleo rural 18

3.Características especiales laborales 19

4.Tendencias del empleo en el campo 33

5.Informalidad en el mercado laborar rural 39

Conclusiones y recomendaciones de política 43

Anexo 1: Análisis de Informalidad Excluyendo as Los Jornaleros 46

Lista de Gráficos

Lista de Cuadros

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