Minutes of the Meeting



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Minuta

Plenario del G77 realizado el 27 de octubre de 2011

en la Sala Roja a las 15:30 hs.

Las siguientes Representaciones estuvieron presentes:

Afganistán, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Benin, Bolivia, Brasil, Burkina Faso, Camerún, Cabo Verde, China, Congo, Costa Rica, Cote D’Ivoire, D.P.R. Korea, Ecuador, Egipto, Guinea Ecuatorial, Eritrea, Etiopia, Gabón, Gana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Irán, Iraq, Jordania, Kenya, Kuwait, Lesoto, Libia, Madagascar, Malasia, Mali, Mauritania, Marruecos, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Pakistán, Filipinas, Arabia Saudita, Senegal, Sudáfrica, Sri Lanka, República Árabe Siria, Tailandia, Uganda, República Unida de Tanzania, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia y Zimbabwe.



1 Adopción de la Agenda;

El Presidente del Cercano Oriente solicitó que se añada el siguiente tema bajo el ítem 9 "Otros asuntos": "La Presidencia del Comité de Seguridad Alimentaria Mundial". Este tema fue finalmente discutido bajo el punto 5 "Informe sobre la reunión del Comité de Seguridad Alimentaria Mundial (37 ª), celebrada el 17 a 22 octubre 2011".

La Agenda fué adoptada.

2 Aprobación de la Minuta del Plenario del G77 del 29 de septiembre de 2011;

La Minuta fue aprobada.


3 Informe de la Reunión del Comité de Programa (108va Sesión) realizada del 10-14 Octubre de 2011 - Dr. Abdul Razak Ayazi,Afganistán;
El Dr. Abdul Razak Ayazi, Representante Permanente Adjunto del Afganistán y miembro del Comité del Programa informó a los miembros del G77 en relación a los resultados más importantes del debate que se produjo durante la 108 ª Sesión del Comité del Programa, celebrada 10-14 de octubre de 2011. (Véase el documento anexo).
Además, el Dr. Ayazi compartió algunas recomendaciones sobre cómo proceder respecto a las principales cuestiones abordadas por dicho Comité. Los Miembros del G77 acordaron solicitar al Presidente del G77 de transmitir un mensaje en nombre de toda el Grupo, a la Secretaría del Comité de Programa, invitándolos a tomar en cuenta las consideraciones y recomendaciones formuladas por el Dr. Ayazi.
4 Informe de la Reunión del Comité de Finanzas (140ma Sesión) realizada del 10-14 Octubre de 2011 - Sr. Médi Moungui, Camerún;
El Sr. Médi Moungui, Representante Permanente del Camerún y Presidente del Comité de Finanzas, informó a los miembros sobre los principales resultados de la 140 ª reunión del Comité de Finanzas celebrará del 10 al 14 de octubre de 2011.
El Sr. Moungui llamó la atención de los miembros del G77 a las siguientes cuestiones:
Composición del Comité de Ética

La coordinación se llevó a cabo entre los Presidentes del Comité de Finanzas y del CCLM, quienes acordaron la composición del Comité de Ética, que se someterá a la aprobación de la 143ª reunión del Consejo de la FAO, de la siguiente manera:


a) Sr. Ngonlardje Kabra Mbaidjol (Chad)

b) Sra. Anne Marie Taylor (Canada, Francia, Estados Unidos)

c) Sr. José Zalaquett (Chile)
Los Miembros del G77 acordaron apoyar tales propuestas durante la próxima sesión del Consejo de la FAO.
Dotación de personal de la función de tesorería

Miembros fueron informados de que el Comité aprobó la propuesta de reforzar la dotación de la función de Tesorería de la División de Finanzas a través de la adición de un profesional de grado P-4, cargando los costos relacionados a los ingresos por inversiones.


Los Miembros del G77 fueron invitados a apoyar esta propuesta durante la próxima sesión del Consejo de la FAO.

5 Informe de la Reunión del Comité de Seguridad Alimentaria Mundial (37ma Sesión) realizada del 17 – 22 Octubre 2011 - Sr. Hafez Ghanem, Subdirector General – Departamento de Economía y Desarrollo Social;
El Sr. Hafez Ghanem, Subdirector General del Departamento de Desarrollo Económico y Social, informó a los miembros de los resultados de la 37 ª reunión del CSAM, que se celebró 17-22 octubre de 2011. (Véase el Informe Final se adjunta).

Además, el Sr. Ghanem señaló cuatro temas clave que serán de gran importancia para la próxima sesión del CSAM:

a) La finalización de las negociaciones sobre las Directrices Voluntarias para la gobernanza responsable de la tenencia de la tierra, la pesca y bosques en el contexto de la seguridad alimentaria nacional;

b) el Marco Estratégico Mundial;

c) El impacto de la volatilidad de los precios internacionales en las economías nacionales y la seguridad alimentaria (SOFI 2011);

d) Mapeo de las acciones de seguridad alimentaria a nivel nacional.


En cuanto a la elección de un nuevo Presidente del CSAM, los miembros del G77 acordaron lo siguiente:

• La reafirmación de la validez del principio de rotación entre los grupos regionales

• La necesidad de establecer reglas claras de procedimiento relativas a la Presidencia del CSAM, para aclarar la confusión y establecer un mecanismo para los procesos electorales futuros.


Además, el Presidente del G77 informó que el Comité del G77 sobre Normas Generales de Procedimientos llevará a cabo su primera reunión en breve con el fin de abordar esta cuestión. Todos los miembros del G77 fueron invitados a participar a través de sus Presidentes Regionales. Además, el Presidente del G77 alentó la participación de los representantes que tienen una larga experiencia en la FAO y otras agencias de la ONU, con el fin de agregar valor y conocimiento histórico al Comité.


6 Propuesta de GRULAC sobre un Fondo Mundial para el Riego. (Representación Permanente de Ecuador);
La Representación Permanente del Ecuador explicó que el Embajador Carlos Vallejo tuvo que abandonar la reunión debido a compromisos previos, por lo tanto, este tema se añadirá en la agenda de la próxima sesión plenaria del G77 que se celebrará en noviembre.
7 Análisis de la Alianza Mundial sobre Suelos. (Representación Permanente de Argentina);
El Ministro Gustavo Infante, Representante Permanente de Argentina, llamó la atención de los Miembros a las actividades relacionadas con la Alianza Mundial sobre Suelos, y explicó que dos grupos de trabajo han sido creados: un Grupo de Trabajo Técnico que será coordinado por la FAO, y un Grupo de Trabajo de Composición Abierta para alcanzar un acuerdo sobre los términos de referencia e informar a los órganos rectores de la FAO. El Sr. Infante señaló que hay una apretada agenda por delante con temas importantes que se debatirán en un corto período de tiempo e invitó a todos los miembros del G77 a que participen activamente en este proceso.
El Presidente del G77 informó de que este tema será discutido en las futuras sesiones plenarias del G77.
8 143 Período de Sesiones del Consejo de la FAO a realizarse del 28 de Noviembre al 2 de Diciembre de 2011;
Miembros del G77 acordaron discutir esta cuestión en la próxima sesión plenaria del G77 que se celebrará en noviembre, antes de la 143 ª Sesión del Consejo de la FAO.


  1. Otros Asuntos;




  1. Comité de Problemas de Productos Básicos (Representación Permanente de Sri Lanka).

La Sra. Gothami Indikadahena, Representante Permanente de Sri Lanka, y Presidente del Comité de Problemas de Productos Básicos (CCP) informó a los miembros sobre las actividades recientes de dicho Comité, subrayando los aspectos más importantes a tratar en los próximos meses. Se brindó especial atención a la próxima reunión de dicho Grupo, que se celebrará el 22 de noviembre de 2011. La Sra. Indikadahena alentó a los miembros a debatir dichos temas en el seno de los grupos regionales, a fin de garantizar una participación activa durante las próximas discusiones. (Véase el documento anexo).



Statement made by Dr. Abdul Razak Ayazi

Briefing on the Hundred and Eight Session of the Programme Committee

The 108th session of the PC discussed 10 items of which six items are important and I shall limit my briefing to these six items. The six items are:


A. The two corporate evaluations. One, on FAO’s role and work related to gender and development and the other on FAO’s role and work in nutrition. Both evaluations were conducted by independent teams. Management had responded to both evaluations. On gender there was also an Audit report conducted by the Office of Inspector-General.
B. Review of the workplan of the FAO Evaluation Office for the next three years.
C. Country Programming Guidelines.
D. A five year Action Plan for the prevention of major animal diseases and related human health risks based on the lessons learned from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza.
E. Two IPA actions. One: the Preliminary review of Statutory Bodies with particular reference to Article 14 and Two, TCP eligibility criteria.

1. Evaluation of FAO’s role and work related to gender and development


• The evaluation team had visited 10 countries but none in the Near East region to which on behalf of the Near East countries I strongly objected and this objection has been recorded in the report of the Programme Committee.
• Both the evaluation report and the Audit report were highly critical about FAO’s work related to gender and development. Both reports can be treated as a wake-up call for the Organization to amend the deficiencies. For illustration, I shall draw to some of the conclusions reached by the evaluation team.

• The gender audit report stated that the situation of gender mainstreaming in FAO was “lamentable” and that ESW has “insufficient clout to adequately advance gender equality throughout the Organization”

• The evaluation report found that the two Gender and Development Plan of Action were not internalized by FAO and that the gender focal points in each division are not effective; that the first year performance of Strategic Objective K (which relates to Gender) was not a strong driver for gender mainstreaming in FAO; and that the corporate culture in FAO on gender is weak. Management has not contested the critical conclusions of the evaluation report.

• The evaluation report makes 17 recommendations of which only one is not accepted by Management and that relates to the discontinuation of work on HIV and AIDS and to leave it to other UN Organizations, especially WHO.


• In my opinion four of the 17 recommendation are of a strategic nature. These are recommendation 2 which says that FAO develop a policy on gender equality. The Audit report says the same. Recommendation 3 which proposes the provision of strategy and action plan at the divisional level; recommendation 5 which calls for a corporate culture in support of gender equality and recommendation 9 which proposes that ESW serve as a “Think Tank” in FAO on social equality issues including gender.

• The Audit report makes seven recommendation of which one is important, namely, that a high level steering committee of ADG supported by a small secretariat be created to lead the gender agenda in FAO and report directly to the Director-General on gender mainstreaming in the work of FAO.


Chairperson, members will recall that the Conference last June decided for a rise in resources for Strategic Objective K. In the Adjustment to the PWB 2012-2013, which will be reviewed by the Joint Session of the PC and FC in early November, Management proposes an increase of US$ 2.7 million for Strategic Objective K through an cross-the-board contribution from all departments and offices. It is proposed to use this additional money for restoring senior gender posts in the decentralized offices and additional staff for ESW. The 109th session of the PC next week will have to scrutinize this matter carefully.

2. Evaluation of FAO’s role and work in nutrition


• This evaluation covered the work of FAO on nutrition from 2004 to 2010. Ten countries were visited by the evaluation team but none from the Near East region.
• This evaluation is also highly critical of FAO’s work in nutrition. For examples, it reaches the following conclusions.

(i) FAO’s vision and goal one and its strategic nutrition objectives as stated in the Medium Term Plan 2010-2013 are not clearly linked;

(ii) Resources committed to nutrition are unacceptably low, only 1.2% on Net Appropriation for the three biennia covering 2004 to 2009;

(iii) The number of professional staff engaged in nutrition work has declined from 25 posts in 2004-2005 to 21 posts in 2008-2009. FAO staff working on nutrition is one-third of WHO staff working in the field of nutrition;

(iv) Other dissatisfying findings include (i) FAO is not strategic in its approach to nutrition (ii) FAO’s work on food composition is governed by the agenda of CODEX and food safety and less so by human nutrition concern (iii) FAO has not demonstrated its comparative advantage in implementing nutrition projects (iv) there is lack of gender analysis in nutrition-related work and (v) the repositioning of the Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division in the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Protection has weakened the contribution that AGN can make to statistics, information and policy work which are anchored in the Economic and Social Development Department.
Management has not contested these unsatisfying findings of the evaluation team.

• The evaluation report submits 14 recommendations of which 10 are accepted by Management and decision on the remaining four has been delayed subject to further review by Management. These four recommendation all relate to institutional arrangement, primarily whether the decision of 1996 to transfer AGN from ESD to AGD was a correct one or not. The evaluation report implies that the transfer was probably not a smart move.


• Recommendation 1, 2 and 3 of the evaluation report are of a strategic nature and underscore the following areas for action.

(i) FAO to become a “ knowledge broker” on nutrition;

(ii) Scaling UP Nutrition (SUN) to become a global initiative;

(iii) Establish another Impact Focus Area specific for nutrition;

(iv) Institutionally separate nutrition from Codex and food safety;

(v) Prepare a conceptual framework for the newly adopted term of “Food and Nutrition Security” and;

(vi) Identify “focal countries” in which a more pro-active programme for nutrition can be initiated.

3. Review of the workplan of the Evaluation Office for 2012-2014


The PC reviewed the workplan of the Evaluation Office for corporate evaluations over the next three years. Roughly it will involve 6 corporate evaluations per year , four to be funded from net appropriation and two funded from the Emergency and Rehabilitation Trust Fund. As you all know the Conference approved that the budget of the Office of Evaluation for 2012-2013 be set as 0.7 % of Net Appropriation which means an increase of close to US$ one million for the next biennium.
You may be interested to note that the 2012 workplan includes the evaluation of the Regional and Sub-regional offices in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and Europe and Central Asia. The Regional and Sub-regional Offices in the Near East were evaluated this year and the Regional and Sub-regional Office for Asia and the Pacific will be evaluated in early part of 2013. These evaluations are highly significant for the future shape of FAO’s decentralization policy.
It should be noted that corporate evaluations are costly ranging between US$ 500 to 600 thousand each.

4. Country Programming Guidelines


The PC reviewed the principles and policies of the Country Programming Guidelines. These Guidelines will integrate all FAO’s interventions at the country level, including TCP and emergency projects. The Guidelines will be aligned with the priorities of the national development plan for agriculture, will remain in harmony with UNDAF and will be led by the FAOR. The PC offered the following six additional points to be included in the Guidelines.
• Explicit reference to the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action;

• Be flexible to allow for changes in government policies and priorities;

• Clarify the links with regional priorities arising from the Regional Conferences;

• Include climate change adaptation and biodiversity loss in the Guidelines;

• Highlight capacity development as a key requirement in the Guidelines and;

• Provide a section for monitoring and evaluation.


5. Five- year Action Plan for the prevention and containment of animal diseases and

related human health risks
The PC appreciated this Action Plan which will require nearly US$ 194 million of extra-budgetary funds for its implementation over the next five years. So far only 33% of this sum has been secured through IFA-EMPRES. The PC made three additional suggestions.
(i) Reinforce FAO’s capacity in this area of work;

(ii) Do better prioritization of activities within the Action Plan and;

(iii) Pay more attention in improving partnership with WHO and OIE.

6. IPA Actions


• With respect to the preliminary review of Statutory Bodies under Article 14, the PC recognized the autonomy of these bodies but stressed the following:
(i) The need to maintain coherence between the activities of the statutory bodies and those of the Organization;

(ii) That the profile of membership of the bodies under Article 14 and their capacity be taken into account when giving these bodies increased financial and administrative Authority; and

(iii) The Organization’s rules and procedures applicable to observers be in line with those in force by the United Nations.

• On the TCP eligibility criteria, the status quo was supported which is option one. This option was agreed to by G77 members plus China in the G77 meeting of 29 September.


Thank you Chairperson. If there are any questions from membership I shall be glad to respond if I can.

Abdul Razak Ayazi

Statement made by Mrs. G. Indikadahena

In her capacity of the Chairperson of Committee on Commodity Problems (CCP)

At the G-77 Meeting held on 27.10.11
I thank you Mr. Chairperson for giving me the floor to provide an update to the members of the group on the activities of the Committee on Commodity Problems (CCP).
As you all are aware, the CCP, which is a Category 1 governing body of FAO with 114 members, normally meets once in two years. At the last session, which is the 68th Session held in June 2010, the bureau consisted of Indonesia (as Chair), Spain and Argentine (as Vice Chairs) was elected for a term of two years, whose mandate was to end in May 2012.
As all three of the Bureau elected in 2010 have left, a new bureau was selected maintaining the regional balance, to carry forward the remaining activities of the CCP during the remainder term of office up to May 2012.
Sri Lanka took over the Chairmanship, representing the Asia group and Spain and Argentina took over the first and second Vice Chairmanships of the CCP respectively. Mr. Elias Lopez of Spain and Mr. Gustavo Infante of Argentina will serve as Vice Chairs of the CCP.
The most important issues to be dealt by the current Bureau of CCP are:
1. Preparations for the 69th Session of the CCP are already under way and, in particular, the agenda needs to be agreed;

- The Secretariat has already have a draft agenda. This simply needs to be approved by the chair and the DG. This should be circulated at least 30 days in advance of the next session.

- The next formal meeting of the CCP scheduled for 28th to 30th May 2012, which will be chaired by the present chair.

2. the open-ended working group on reform of the CCP and IGGs

These meeting are normally chaired by the Chairperson of CCP, and its work has already been delayed for the last ten months in the absence of an officer to convene meetings and steer its work
The first Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) was held on 10.12.2010 and has been poorly attended, with only 26 members. The main objective of this meeting was to

- to define the scope and TOR of the activities of the OEWG of CCP and

- to define the way of working of OEWG and a work programme
The discussion, among other things, focused on the need for a review of the roles and working methods of the CCP & its sub committees to ensure their continuing relevance in the light of developments in markets and prices. At t
At the end of this meeting, the members agreed the following four points for future action.

1. The Chair should have informal but structured consultations with regional groups to define the work programme of the OEWG-CCP including future meetings.

2. The areas identified for initial focus by the OEWG-CCP should be: agenda setting; work priority setting; timing and duration of sessions.

3. The Secretariat should undertake a review of the roles and activities of all other commodity-related organizations.

4. The Secretariat should undertake a detailed review of the IGGs.
The CCP Secretariat has already circulated the report on the Review of the IGGs in all languages on 23rd September 2011 and second report is yet to be released.
Based on these agreements, I as the chair of CCP in consultation with the Bureau members and

the CCP Secretariat intends to circulate to the regional groups a Non – paper containing the main thematic issues with a view to directing the OEWG discussions more focused and result oriented.


Once this document is circulated, the regional groups will have an opportunity to discuss this Non-paper and prepare themselves well in advance for the next two OEWG meetings.
I therefore seek the support of the members of G- 77 to ensure their active participation at these discussions, so that we all can report the outcome of the OEWG discussions to the next session due for May 2012.
I thank you Mr. Chairman.

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