Adjetivos



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Adjetivos
In Spanish the adjectives that are used to describe a noun must agree in number and in gender with the noun they describe.
A. Some adjectives have four forms. They end in –o ,--a, --os, or –as, depending on the noun they describe.
práctico / práctica / prácticos / prácticas

divertido / divertida / divertidos /divertidas

aburrido / aburrida / aburridos / aburridas

favorito / favorita / favoritos / favoritas


B. Some adjectives have two forms: singular and plural, depending on the noun they describe.
difícil / difícles

fácil / fáciles

interesante / interesantes





masculine,

singular

masculine,

plural

feminine,

singular

feminine,

plural

adjectives ending in –o

serio

serios

seria

serias

adjectives ending in –e

interesante

interesantes

interesante

interesantes

adjectives ending in consonant

azul

azules

azul

azules

adjectives ending in –ador, nationality

trabajador

trabajadores

trabajadora

trabajadoras

1. Adjectives are generally placed BEHIND the noun they describe.

To say “an interesting class” you would say “una clase interesante

To say “a boring composition” you would say “una composición aburrida.”

To say “a difficult project” you would say “un proyecto difícil
2. The adjectives BUENO and MALO may be placed before or after the noun. However, if

they are placed before a singular, masculine noun, they must drop the -o.

EX: a good friend = un buen amigo, un amigo bueno

3. The word grande means “big, large” after the noun. It means “great” before the

noun and changes to “gran” before a singular noun (masculine and feminine).

EX: a great teacher = una gran maestra a large dog = un perro grande

4. Limiting adjectives like mucho, otro, and numbers are placed before the noun.

Práctica:

A. How many forms do these adjectives have?

1. rojo 5. anaranjado 9. marrón

2. azul 6. rosado 10. amarillo

3. blanco 7. gris 11. morado

4. negro 8. verde

B. What form of the adjective would you use for each of the following?

práctico interesante difícil

fácil aburrido divertido
1. an interesting lesson una lección ____________________

2. a fun class una clase _______________________

3. a boring teacher un profesor ______________________

4. a boring teacher (fem.) una profesora ____________________

5. some difficult books unos libros _________________________

6. some practical classes unas clases ________________________

7. a practical friend (fem.) una amiga _________________________

8. an interesting vocabulary un vocabulario ______________________

9. a fun friend (male) un amigo __________________________

10. some difficult words unas palabras ______________________



C. Translate these sentences using the proper form of the color adjectives: (Don’t forget to put the adjective behind the noun it describes and make it agree with the noun.)

1. I have an orange folder. _____________________________________________

2. We have some yellow pencils. __________________________________________

3. She does not have a pink eraser. _______________________________________

4. Do you have the red book? ____________________________________________

5. They have some black pens. ___________________________________________

6. Do you all have some blue notebooks? ____________________________________

7. The teacher has a green car. __________________________________________

8. The students have grey computers. _____________________________________
D. Complete the sentences describing what color your school supplies are.

1. Yo tengo una mochila _________________________________.

2. Yo tengo un cuaderno ___________________________ para la clase de español.

3. Yo tengo un uniforme ____________ y _______________ para la clase de educación física.



4. Yo tengo una pluma ______________________ y un lápiz ___________________.

5. ¿Cuál es tu color favorito? Mi color favorito es __________________________.

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